You Can Recover From Your Losses

©Arlene R. Taylor PhD - Realizations Inc

Loss is nothing else but change and change is nature’s delight.
—Marcus Aurelius, Meditations

ArleneLoss can be described as the state of being deprived of something that you once had (or thought you had); the perception of being without something that you valued and would have like to retain. The loss can be physical; you can touch or measure it. The loss may be abstract; you perceive it in cognitive, emotional, philosophical, or behavioral dimensions. And likely it is a combination of both physical and abstract constructs. On this planet, there are times when the loss is temporary or it can be fixed and repaired. There are also times when it cannot.

Avoid getting caught in the trap of defining loss too narrowly. It could involve the death of a partner, family member, friend, or pet for any reason or to separation and/or divorce; displacement due to a natural disaster such an earthquake, hurricane, flood, or tornado; a mastectomy or the loss of a body organ or body part; the loss of some sensory perception (e.g., sight or hearing); a hoped-for event that does not materialize or the diminishment of your options (e.g., inability to follow a certain career path). Defining loss more globally can help you to identify it more quickly and begin the process of effective grief recovery in a timely manner.

Grief recovery, on the other hand, is the process of learning to feel better and to achieve a condition of balance following any type of loss. For some, grief recovery means returning to a previously experienced state of soundness and balance; for others, it means attaining a state of soundness and balance that they may not have experienced before. It involves grieving the loss and healing the emotional pain. Just as human beings can recover from the pain of surgery and feel better as the incision heals or recover from a broken bone and feel better as the bone heals, so you can recover from a loss and feel better as you move through the grieving process and heal from the pain.

Grief is a little bit like a toothache. It rarely resolves on its own. Try to stuff all thoughts of the loss and avoid grief recovery and you can set yourself up for developing a slush fund of unresolved loss and grief in the brain. This can put you at risk for overreacting when even a small loss occurs down the line and can trigger behaviors that result in negative outcomes.

Elizabeth Kubler-Ross discussed the five stages of grief in her book On Death and Dying (1969). The five stages—denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance—have been landmark in helping individuals prepare for their own death. There can be a vast difference, however, between the grieving process useful in preparation for one’s own death and the grief-recovery process that is effective for survivors of loss.
The Grief Recovery Pyramid is designed to help survivors work through loss episodes and move successfully through the grief recovery process. Identifying a loss along with the perception of what it means to you in your life and the choice to move through the grief recovery process all begin in the brain.

The Grief Recovery Pyramid Stages I, II, and II follow, including Suggestions for Action. You may find yourself moving back and forth around the pyramid or even re-experiencing symptoms from time to time. Remember, it’s a process—it is what it is and you can do it.


Grief Recovery Pyramid Stages and Suggestions for Action

Stage I – Shock

Symptoms may last from a few days to several weeks and may include:

  • Agitation and confusion
  • Inability to concentrate or pay attention
  • Collapse and or crying
  • Denial or disbelief
  • Hysteria
  • Unnatural euphoria
  • Insomnia
  • Lethargy or weakness
  • Loss of appetite, nausea
  • Numbness or sense of unreality


Suggestions for action:

  • Feel and show grief in your own way
  • Talk with a trusted friend as needed
  • Access your support network
  • Ask for and accept help from others—receiving is the other side of giving so allow others to help you
  • Avoid making major decisions right away
  • Rest and survive
  • Avoid substance abuse
  • Spend time in nature, around living things
  • Choose to spend time with those who help you keep up your spirits and take a balanced approach to the loss. Whenever possible, avoid those who drag you down.


Stage II – Distress

Symptoms may last from a few weeks to two years and may include:

  • Anger, anguish, anxiety, crying, confusion
  • Fear, guilt, mood swings
  • A sense of hopelessness; life seems to be in limbo, low self-esteem
  • Insomnia, restlessness
  • Irrational decision-making, poor judgment
  • Loneliness, isolation
  • Pain, physical illness
  • Overeating, undereating, improper diet
  • Slowed thinking, suicidal thoughts


Suggestions for action:

  • Beware of rebounding
  • Seek and accept counseling as needed
  • Acknowledge and verbalize emotional pain
  • Keep decision-making to a minimum
  • Get a physical examination
  • Allow yourself to mourn; try journaling
  • Access your support network
  • Return to career or volunteer work
  • Heal at your own pace
  • Plan ahead for good nutrition
  • Get plenty of rest and exercise
  • The brain is innately spiritual—hone your sense of spirituality


Stage III – Acceptance

Time lines will vary for each individual.
Generally you may expect that:

  • Distress becomes less acute with only periodic crashes
  • You feel stronger and more energetic
  • Physical symptoms decrease, nostalgia replaces emotional pain, and loneliness surfaces only intermittently
  • Interests return and you are more comfortable with yourself
  • Gradually you return to optimum functioning

Suggestions for action:

  • Avoid hanging onto the episode of loss and allowing it to define you
  • Look for the gift—there always is one
  • Speak of positive and happy memories; avoid endless rehearsal of the negatives
  • Exercise consistently
  • Pamper yourself regularly
  • Let go of might-have-beens and what-ifs
  • Forgive yourself and others
  • Socialize; include new people and develop new interests
  • Learn to act rather than react
  • Take control of your own life—knowing that you cannot control everything


For additional information, refer to Articles/Monographs on Taylor’s website and the mini-monograph entitled, “Loss, Grief, and Recovery.”

Revised, 5/12/16

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