Prenatal hearing, learning, and behavioral responses to a melody played earlier in pregnancy, occurred before or at the beginning of the third trimester. After birth, behavioral responses were specific to the tone to which the fetus had been exposure during gestation. (Harris, Maureen. Music and the Young Mind. p 2-3. NY: MENC with Rowman & Littlefield Education, 2009.)

The skin is a piece of differentiated ear. The ear translates the potential of vibrational stimuli that come via the skin, to the brain. (Tomatis, Alfred A, M.D. Editor Timothy M. Gilmore, PhD, et al. About the Tomatis Method. p 214-216. Canada: Listening Centre Press, 1989.)

Hearing is the passive perception of sound. Listening is an active and focused process involving a quick and precise analysis of sounds that are heard. (Tomatis, Alfred A, M.D. Editor Timothy M. Gilmore, PhD, et al. About the Tomatis Method. p 18-20. Canada: Listening Centre Press, 1989.)

The ability to hear higher frequency ranges decreases with age (e.g., speak in a lower register to be better heard by the elderly). (Dychtwald, Ken, PhD, and Joe Flower. Age Wave. p 316-318. NY: St. Martin’s Press, 1989.)

Infants with recurring middle ear infections may not have normal development of their neurons for sound. This is one reason why infants with repeated middle ear infections do poorly in language and literacy in later life. The sensitive periods or plasticity for most lower level neural pathway circuits end relatively early in life, often by 4 years of age. In contrast, sensitive periods for some high level circuits remain open (plastic) for a longer period. This may be a reason why, with proper treatment of dyslexia, normal neural pathways can be established. (Mustard, J. Fraser, MD. Early Childhood Development: How does experience in early life affect brain development? 2008. p. 13.)

The left hemisphere processes words, definitions, and language. The right hemisphere processes inflection, tonality, tempo, and volume of communication. Female brain processes both language and feelings at the same time far more efficiently than the male brain. (Jensen, Eric. Brain-Based Learning (Revised). p 16-19. CA: The Brain Store, 2005.)

Males tend to hear in one ear better than the other. Females hear as well with both ears and tend to hear more data. (Gurian, Michael. The Wonder of Boys. p 16-19. NY: Jeremy P. Tarcher/Putnam, 1996.)

Study at University of Sheffield and published in the journal Neurolmage: males processed female voices in the auditory part of the brain that processes music (rather than in Wernicke’s area as is used for processing male voices). The female voice is more difficult for males to listen to as compared to a male voice. (Source.)

On average, females have superior hearing and are better at hearing high sounds, beginning in girlhood and increasing with age. They are more sensitive to loud noises. (Fisher, Helen, PhD. The First Sex. p 85-87. NY: Random House, 1999.)

When a child is deprived of hearing human voices, the connections that allow brain cells to process sound, and consequently language, can become ineffectual. The cells appear to be scrambled rather than appearing in neat columns characteristic of normal brain structure. (Karr-Morse, Robin, and Meredith S. Wiley. Ghosts from the Nursery. p 22-23. NY: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1997.)

The right ear (connected with the left hemisphere) has an advantage for listening to language sounds. The complementarity of right and left ears/hemispheres permits the creative use of speech and language. (Tomatis, Alfred A, M.D. Editor Timothy M. Gilmore, PhD, et al. About the Tomatis Method. p 18-20. Canada: Listening Centre Press, 1989.)

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