Research studies: Teachers viewed their students in the ways that they expected them to be, and acted toward them in ways that made these expectations come true. At the end of the year, students who had (earlier) been labeled as bloomers showed significantly higher gains in I.Q. scores than did other students. (Wilson, Timothy D. Discovering the Adaptive Unconscious. p 54-55. England: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2002.)