When you believe in yourself, brain circuits are open wide, allowing the knowledge and wisdom already there to circulate freely. Emotional channels open wide, allowing you to love and be loved, to enjoy life to the fullest. All your talents are mustered by belief. (Fox, Arnold, MD, and Barry Fox, PhD. Wake Up! You’re Alive! P 54-55. FL: Health Communications, 1988.)

We form beliefs for a variety of subjective, personal, emotional, and psychological reasons in the context of environment created by family, friends, colleagues, culture, and society at large; after forming our beliefs we then defend, justify, and rationalize them with a host of intellectual reasons, cogent argument, and rational explanations. Beliefs come firs, explanations for beliefs follow. I call this process belief-dependent realism, where our perceptions about reality are dependent on the beliefs that we hold about it. Reality exists independent of human minds, but our understanding of it depends up on the beliefs we hold at any given time. (Shermer, Michael, PhD. The Believing Brain. P 5. NY: Henry Hold and Company, 2011.)