Guilt plays an important role in establishing moral beliefs. Guilt rather than shame, promotes a greater willingness to change one’s behavior. Too much embarrassment and shame can lead to inner hostility and aggressive behavior. Embarrassment evokes a stronger neural reaction that guilt. The ability to empathize with others is essential for establishing moral beliefs. If you don’t understand how another person feels, you have less ability to respond in a kindly manner. Simply observing another person’s facial expression is enough to trigger an emotionally empathetic response in the brain. (Newberg, Andrew, MD and Mark Robert Waldman. Why We Believe What We Believe. P 140-150. NY:Free Press, 2006)