By playing a musical instrument, individuals actively develop memory in a way non-musicians do not. (O’Brien, Mary, MD. Successful Aging. p 88-89. CA: Biomed General. 2007.)
All memories involve interactions among a group of neurons. When one fires, they all fire and create a specific pattern. The identification of a specific note of music involves a group of neighboring neurons firing together in the auditory cortex. (Carter, Rita, ed.Mapping the Mind. p 159. CA: University of California, 1998.)
Study: Listening to music being played has been shown to improve recall of past events for patients with dementia. (Greenwood-Robinson, Maggie, PhD. 20/20 Thinking. p 173-174. NY: Avery, Putnam Special Markets, 2003.
Memory can be enhanced through music. It can make it easier to recall words and sentences. (Storr, Anthony. Music and the Mind. p 174-176. NY: Ballantine Books, 1992.)
fMRI studies: The dorsal medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) associates music and memories when people experience emotionally salient episodic memories that are triggered by familiar songs from their personal past. (Janata, Petr. The Neural Architecture of Music-Evoked Autobiographical Memories. Abstract.)