Listening to music begins with processing in the brain stem, cerebellum, and cochlear nuclei. Processing then advances to the auditory cortices in both cerebral hemispheres. If the music is familiar, at least in style, processing also recruits the hippocampus and the inferior frontal cortex (e.g., lowest portions of the frontal lobes). If you keep time to the music with a finger or foot, your cerebellum’s timing circuits are brought into play. (Sternberg, Barbara, PhD. Music & the Brain. p 10-12. CA: Institute for Natural Resources, Home-Study #2320, 2009).