Listening to enjoyable music activates portions of the frontal lobes and the limbic cortex in both hemispheres. Listening to music identified as unpleasant turns off these areas and activates the parahippocampal gyrus. (Restak, Richard, MD. Mozart’s Brain and the Fighter Pilot. p 182-184. NY: Harmony Books, 2001.)

For a huge percentage of the population, music provides one of life’s greatest and oldest delights. In all of its aspects (e.g., listening, performing, and composing), music involves a complex and subtle interplay between the outside world, one’s organs of perception, and multiple regions in the brain. (Sternberg, Barbara, PhD. Music & the Brain. p 20-21. CA: Institute for Natural Resources, Home-Study #2320, 2009).