Study of chord sequences that resolved in a predicted way or in a surprising manner: musical syntax (e.g., structural processing) appears to be localized to the frontal lobes of both hemispheres in areas that overlap those that process speech syuntax (e.g., Broca’s area). This appears to be true regardless of whether the individual has been musically trained or not. (Sternberg, Barbara, PhD. Music & the Brain. p 16-17. CA: Institute for Natural Resources, Home-Study #2320, 2009).