Music can link the Dionysian state (extraversion or physical participation in the external world through feeling and sensation) and the Apollonian state (introversion or contemplation of ideas). (Storr, Anthony. Music and the Mind. p 157-167. NY: Ballantine Books, 1992.)

Music is an art that can reconcile one to life and enhance it; music is rooted in the body, physically and emotionally based; music links extraversion and introversion. (Storr, Anthony. Music and the Mind. p 160-167. NY: Ballantine Books, 1992.)

Studies: instrumentalists, as compared to nonmusicians, tend to be more anxious and more introverted. Brass players tend to be more extraverted than other instrumentalists. (Howard, Pierce J., PhD. The Owner’s Manual for the Brain. p 186-189. GA: Bard Press, 1994, 2000.)

Extraverts are likely to prefer more upbeat, conventional, and energetic music than introverts. (Rentfrow, p. J., & Sam Gosling, PhD. The do re mi's of everyday life: The structure and personality correlates of music preference. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 1236–1256, 2003.)

Refer to Music and the Brain for additional information.

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