Introverts tend to prefer low levels of noise in a learning situation, and perform better in quiet. Extroverts choose higher levels of noise in a learning situation and perform better in the presence of noise, while introverts perform better in quiet. (Ornstein, Robert, PhD. The Roots of the Self. p 57. NY: HarperCollins, 1995.)

Extraverts are more likely to want to listen to music while studying than introverts. Music can interfere with complex tasks, and with verbal tasks (as opposed to simpler tasks and visual-spatial tasks). The music can compete for the student’s attention, vocal even more than instrumental. (Howard, Pierce J., PhD. The Owner’s Manual for the Brain. p 179-185, 489. GA: Bard Press, 1994, 2000.)

Introverted learners report higher tension during the first 2/3 of the day; extroverted learners report greater tension during the last 2/3 of the day. (Jensen, Eric. Brain-Based Learning (Revised). p 45. CA: The Brain Store, 2005.).

Meyers-Briggs: Extraverts find energy in things and people. They typically enjoy working in groups and learn by explaining to others. Introverts want to develop frameworks that integrate or connect the subject matter and like to “chunk” the material in order to learn it. (GSU Master Teacher Program: On Learning Styles.

Refer to Learning and the Brain for additional information.