The challenge now is to transform education systems into something better suited to the real needs of the 21st century. At the heart of this transformation there has to be a radically different view of human intelligence and of creativity. (Robinson, Ken, Sir, PhD. Out of Our Minds. p 14. NY: Capstone Publishing Ltd, 2001, 2011)

The breadth and depth of human diversity is staggering. There are significant problems with current educational culture. 1. There is a preoccupation with specific types of academic ability such as critical analysis and reasoning, particularly with words and numbers. 2. There is a hierarchy of subject: math, science and language skills at the top; humanities in the middle; arts at the bottom. There is even a hierarchy of arts with music and visual arts typically of higher status than theater and dance (if the arts are even included at all). 3. There is a growing reliance on a narrow range of standardized tests, with children under intense pressure to perform at higher and higher levels. The consequences of these three? Students are taught a very narrow view of intelligence and capacity, learn to overvalue specific types of talents and abilities, and are socialized to disregard types of intelligences that are just as important. This one-size-fits-all approach marginalizes all individuals who do not take naturally to learning this way. (Robinson, Ken, PhD. The Element. How Finding Your Passion Changes Everything. p 10-14. NY: Penguin Group, 2009.)

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