The hippocampus is especially involved in associating odors, sounds, and sights to construct mental maps. (Katz, Lawrence C., PhD and Manning Rubin. Keep Your Brain Alive. p 60. NY: Workman Publishing Company, Inc., 1999.)

Personal memories are encoded in the hippocampus. In the right hemisphere the hippocampus is responsible for spatial memory. (Carter, Rita, Ed. Exploring Consciousness. p 29, 115. CA: University of California Press, 1998.)

The hippocampus and parahippocampal (rhinal) areas constitute the medial temporal lobe memory system and are involved in explicit or declarative memory. Not part of the neocortical temporal lobe, they are not involved in its sensory-processing functions. Needed for memory storage initially (e.g., direct the storage process) the role decreases as time goes by. (LeDoux, Joseph. Synaptic Self, How Our Brains Become Who We Are. p 100-107. NY: Penguin Books, 2002.)

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