Brain researchers have identified several brain areas crucial for emotional intelligence and social intelligence abilities.
- Right hemisphere: The right amygdala: the ability to be aware of and understand your own feelings. The right somatosensory cortex: self-awareness and empathy. The right insula: senses entire bodily state and tell you how you're feeling. The anterior cingulate (located at the front of the corpus callosum): manages impulse control and emotions (especially distressing emotions, and strong feelings). Ventral medial strip of the prefrontal cortex: executive center abilities to solve personal and interpersonal problems, manage impulses, express feelings effectively, and relate well with others.
- Left hemisphere: Self-awareness and self-management. Self-regulation relies on interaction between the prefrontal cortex and the amygdala. (Goleman, Daniel. The Brain and Emotional Intelleigence: New Insights. p 12-17, 28-31. MA:More Than Sounds, 2011)