Many types of people are vulnerable to being recruited. Extremists tend to use four recruitment steps:

  • Isolate them from their social environment—mix fact with fiction so they start to doubt
  • Indoctrinate them that only true Islam can renew and awaken them
  • Discourage them from associating with anyone who thinks differently from Islam
  • Dehumanize them by teaching that non- followers are not really human so killing them is not a crime; it is even a duty

(Bouzar, Dounia. “Escaping Radicalism.” Scientific American MIND, Pg 41-43. MayJune 2016.)

Males may tend to be more aggressively violent as they defend something they believe in strongly. Females may commit terrorist acts if committed to a cause, especially if they perceive it in relation to family members or an important ideology. (Wilson, Glenn. The Great Sex Divide. p 124-125. England: Peter Owen Publishers, 1989.)