The average American consumes 20 pounds of artificial sweeteners per year. Originally designed for weight loss, research shows that they actually increase appetite by stimulating the salivary glands, thus defeating their original purpose. (Appleton, Nancy, PhD. Lick the Sugar Habit, Sugar Counter. p 17. NY Avery Penguin Putnam, 2001.)
Artificial sweeteners can contribute to compulsive eating, an increased craving for sweets and fatty foods, and an increase in weight. Examples: Aspartame’s ingredients compete with Tryptophan and can block its conversion into serotonin; saccharin can cause an increase in one’s consumption of sweets. (Ross, Julia, MA. The Diet Cure, pp 36-37. NY: Penguin Books, 1999.)
Too much aspartame (NutraSweet) may cause fluid retention and slow down weight loss in people who are trying to lose weight. (Bost, Brent W., MD, FACOG.Hurried Woman Syndrome, p 68.NY: Vantage Press, 2001.)
NutraSweet and aspartame: symptoms (e.g., impaired learning, headaches, seizures) may show up only after prolonged use of the sweetener. Females may be affected more than males. (Healy, Jane M., PhD. Endangered Minds, 166-168.NY: Simon & Schuster, 1990)
Examples of sugar substitutes (each has some potential risk):
- Saccharin (Sugar Twin, Sprinkle Twin, Sweet ’n Low) is 300 times sweeter than table sugar.
- Aspartame (Equal, NutraSweet, NatraTaste) is 180 times sweeter than table sugar (sucrose)
- Acesulfame-K (Ace K, Sunnett, Sweeet One) is 200 times sweeter than sucrose
- Stevia is 15 –300 times sweeter than sucrose
- SucaFlore (combination of FOS, soy extract, and potato startch)
- Sucralose (Splenda) is 600 times sweeter than sucrose
- Sugar alcohol (Mannitol, Sorbitol, Xylitol, Maltitol).
(Appleton, Nancy, PhD. Lick the Sugar Habit, Sugar Counter, pp 17-20. NY Avery Penguin Putnam, 2001.)