Monoamine is a molecule containing one amino group. These modulators (e.g., serotonin, dopamine, norepinephrine, epinephrine) are produced primarily in the brain stem, but their axons extend throughout the brain. Prozac prevents the removal of serotonin from the synaptic space; cocaine and amphetamines affect norepinephrine and dopamine levels; LSD acts on serotonin receptors. (LeDoux, Joseph. Synaptic Self. p 58-59. NY: Penguin Books, 2002.)

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