Drug addiction is a brain disease, based on the power of substances to fool the brain into responding as it would to natural neurotransmitters. (Restak, Richard, MD. The Secret Life of the Brain. Washington D.C.: The Dana Press and Joseph Henry Press, 2001, p 82)

Study: evidence that at least some of the negative brain effects related to methamphetamine abuse may be reversible with 9-17 months abstinence. Describes technique using positron emission tomography (PET). Website: (Zickler, Patrick. . Long-Term Abstinence Brings Partial Recovery from Methamphetamine Damage. MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIDA NOTES, Vol 19, No 4, Dec 2004, pp 1, 6)

Drug addiction is caused by a chain of events that are similar to hunger. Lists examples of neurotransmitters that are impacted by a variety of drugs. (Carter, Rita. Mapping the Mind. CA: University of California Press, 1998, 69)

Summarizes the effects of substances on the brain (e.g., caffeine, nicotine, alcohol, cocaine, amphetamines, opiates). (Greenfield, Susan, Con. Ed. Brain Power, Working out the Human Mind. Great Britain: Element books Limited, 1999, pp 90-94)

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